Journal of Economics and Financial Analysis, 3 (2), pp. 41-83, [2019]

Convexity Adjustments Made Easy: An Overview of Convexity Adjustment Methodologies in Interest Rate Markets



Interest rate instruments are typically priced by creating a non-arbitrage replicating portfolio in a risk-neutral framework. Bespoke instruments with timing, quanto1 and other adjustments often present arbitrage opportunities, particularly in complete markets where the difference can be monetized. To eliminate arbitrage opportunities we are required to adjust bespoke instrument prices appropriately, such adjustments are typically non-linear and described as convexity adjustments.
We review convexity adjustments firstly using a linear rate model and then consider a more advanced static replication approach. We outline and derive the analytical formulae for Libor and Swap Rate adjustments in a single and multicurve environment, providing examples and case studies for Libor In-Arrears, CMS Caplet, Floorlet and Swaplet adjustments in particular. In this paper we aim to review convexity adjustments with extensive reference to popular market literature to make what is traditionally an opaque subject more transparent and heuristic.


Convexity Adjustments; Radon-Nykodym Derivative; Shifted- Lognormal; Linear Swap Rate Method; Libor In-Arrears Swaps; Constant Maturity Swaps; CMS Caplets, Floorlets and Swaplets.

JEL Classification

G100, G120.

Full Text:


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