Journal of Economics and Financial Analysis, 2 (1), pp. 69-98, [2018]

Nonprofit Organizations in Disaster Response and Management: A Network Analysis



This paper tracks changes in the national disaster management system with regard to the nonprofit sector by looking at the roles ascribed to nonprofit organizations in the Federal Response Plan (FRP), National Response Plan (NRP), and National Response Framework (NRF). Additionally, the data collected from news reports and organizational after action reports about the inter-organizational interactions of emergency management agencies during the September 11th attacks and Hurricane Katrina are analyzed by using network analysis tools. The findings of the study indicate that there has been an increase in the interactions of the National Voluntary Organizations Active in Disasters (NVOAD) network member organizations on par with policy changes in the NRP to involve nonprofit organizations in the national disaster planning process. In addition, those organizations close to the center of the network experienced enhanced communication and resource acquisition allowing them to successfully accomplish their missions, a finding that supports the development of strong network connections.


NVOAD; Disaster Response; Non-profit Organizations; Networks; Resource Dependency.

JEL Classification

L10, L25, L30, H12, H84.

Full Text:


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